“The flowers of late winter and early spring occupy places in our hearts well out of proportion to their size.” –  Gertrude S. Wister.

1. This month will be the last chance to prune and spray dormant oil on deciduous trees and shrubs.  Follow the directions carefully to avoid harming beneficial insects. Read more about appropriate fungicides at http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7426.html.

2. If you haven’t fed your citrus trees, now is a good time to get started.  Nitrogen should be applied in January or February just prior to bloom. The second application then can be applied in May and perhaps a third in June. 

3. Roses are starting to sprout, and though you can still prune them, don’t wait too much longer.  Read more about the proper way to prune at http://imp.ucanr.edu/homegarden/pruning.

4. If you haven’t already done so, clean up all of last year’s growth on your perennials. Plants such as daylilies will benefit from such a clean up.

5. This is a good time to select and plant azaleas, camellias and rhododendrons while they are in bloom. They grow slowly, so look for a pleasing form and leaves as well as for pretty blooms.

6. Camellias are in full bloom now, and it is important to keep the old blooms cleaned up.  Blossom blight can be a problem next fall if the old blooms are allowed to stay.

7. Fertilize spring-blooming bulbs as the foliage emerges. Cut off the heads of tulips that have already bloomed and are starting to fade.  It is not necessary to remove the fading blooms of other bulbs.

8. If your plants have been damaged by frost, it is best to leave the damaged portions on the plant.  When new growth begins on other parts of the plant, it is safe to prune off the damaged section.

9. Bare-root strawberries are sold this month and they should be planted as early as possible in the spring.  Read more about growing and caring for strawberries at http://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/GARDEN/FRUIT/strawberries.html

10. Now is the time to start some summer vegetable plants indoors from seeds. Sow tomato, eggplant and pepper seeds indoors to get a head start on the growing season.

11. Seedlings of plants that like cool weather such as broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, green onions, spinach and peas can be set out now.

For more information, contact the UC Glenn County Master Gardeners' Plant Clinic on Wednesday afternoon from 2 p.m.-4 p.m. in the UC Cooperative Extension Office; call 865-1107; or email anrmgglenn@ucanr.edu or submit a question on our website at http://ucanr.edu/sites/glennmg/.

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