SACRAMENTO – California restaurants can soon reopen in counties that meet standards for testing and success at reducing cases of coronavirus, while strip malls can soon provide pickup services, but all businesses will have to abide by state guidelines for physical distancing and cleaning regimens, Gov. Gavin Newsom said Tuesday.

Two months after the governor issued a stay-at home order that closed most businesses, Newsom said restaurants can reopen for dine-in service in counties certified as meeting state benchmarks for addressing the pandemic, but they should implement changes to guard against spreading the virus.

Strip malls and outlet malls will be allowed to open for pickup purchases from customers throughout the state. Car washes and pet groomers can also resume operating in those counties with safeguards.

The governor said Californians who cannot work from home will be allowed to work in offices that undergo modifications to prevent the spread of the virus.

“As we begin these modifications – and we already have reopened 70-plus percent of the economy – as we begin to modify with these dine-in opportunities, let’s make sure we do so cognizant not only of our own health but the health of our most vulnerable and those are our seniors,” Newsom said.

The governor said allowing additional companies to reopen will not work if businesses are not engaging in safe practices.

“None of this means anything if customers don’t feel safe,” Newsom said.

Before businesses can reopen, a county must complete a risk assessment and develop protection plans that include training employees in how to limit the spread of the virus, providing screenings of employees, disinfectant protocols and physical distancing guidelines.

Newsom said rural Butte and El Dorado counties are the first two of California’s 58 counties to have met the state’s conditions for additional businesses to reopen.

“There are some unique characteristics in some counties where they are hitting on all cylinders,” Newsom said, adding two other counties may be able to reopen more businesses later Tuesday.

Talks are underway with 27 other counties on whether they can expand reopenings, the governor said, but he noted that conditions are still too serious in Los Angeles and San Francisco counties to modify the guidelines for resuming business.

The new guidelines were released against a backdrop of continued concern by health officials about the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases in California, which is nearing 70,000, with more than 2,700 deaths in the state.

The phased reopening of the state began Friday when clothing stores, sporting good retailers, bookstores, music stores, toy stores and florists were allowed to provide customers with curbside service, unless blocked by local restrictions.

At the same time, the state permitted manufacturers, suppliers and logistics services that provide goods to the newly opened retailers to resume operations.

The retail businesses are required to draft a plan to protect customers and employees from becoming infected with COVID-19, including a method of screening employees to determine if they are sick.

The state plan would allow in-restaurant dining and other businesses, including some office buildings, to reopen in the coming weeks if county health officials can show that the spread of the coronavirus has stabilized in their part of the state.

Counties must have adequate testing and hospital capacity and the ability to trace those who have been in contact with ill people.

The new rules affect a restaurant industry with more than 90,000 businesses in California, the vast majority operated by independent proprietors. The industry employs 1.4 million food service workers, the California Restaurant Association reminded the governor in a recent letter asking for help with taxes and evictions.

Last week, the Newsom administration warned rural counties that were defying the state’s stay-at-home order that they could lose disaster funding if they don’t abide by the state’s restrictions.

Yuba, Sutter and Modoc counties all received warning letters after they relaxed restrictions that had closed gyms, restaurants, shopping malls, hair salons and other businesses.

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