The Chicago Bears warm up during training camp on July 28, 2019.

Testing, testing. 1-2-3. Testing.

Welcome to NFL training camps in 2020.

In this new pandemic-restricted world, all 32 teams are rapidly adapting to increase the safety of their work environments and prevent a spread of COVID-19 from significantly disrupting the season.

“We know this is going to be challenging,” said Dr. Allen Sills, the NFL’s chief medical officer. “And we’ve said it won’t be easy. But I also remain cautiously optimistic about moving forward into this season.”

Away we go.

Much of this, of course, starts with testing.

COVID-19 testing will be the first task on the to-do list for every player reporting to camp this week. For the Bears, whose official reporting date to Halas Hall was Tuesday, every player will take three coronavirus entry tests over a four-day span. If – and only if – all three nasal swab tests come back negative will players be permitted inside the building for physical examinations and equipment pickup.

From there? With protocols established by the NFL and the NFLPA under advisement from their joint coronavirus medical task force, players, coaches and additional team personnel will continue to undergo COVID-19 testing daily, a process that will shift to every-other-day testing only after a team has established a positivity rate of less than 5% at its facility.

Got all that?

That’s just Step 1, a long way from holding an actual padded practice. Which is a long way from a safe and smooth start to actual games in September. Which is a long way from navigating through the entire regular season, into the playoffs and onward toward Super Bowl LV without interruption.

There are no guarantees the NFL can make its way to the end of this complex maze without a few detours or full stops over the next six months.

Across the league, positive COVID-19 tests are already springing up as expected, triggering troubleshooting efforts and treatment procedures as guided by the policies the NFL and NFLPA recently agreed on.

On Monday, 18 more players were placed on the league’s reserve/COVID-19 list, an indication they either tested positive for the coronavirus or were in close contact with a carrier. That list included Bears rookie running back Artavis Pierce.

The NFL is counting on its detailed testing setup as a key piece in this puzzle to get everything started on the right foot.


After comprehensive planning sessions, the NFL partnered with BioReference Laboratories Inc., a New Jersey-based commercial laboratory that will administer COVID-19 tests for all 32 teams, handle sample collection and process the results in rapid fashion. Each team will have a testing site on location, in most cases a trailer set up in the parking lot.

The NFL’s testing protocols call for “expedited result reporting” in less than 24 hours. The league has also highlighted BioReference Laboratories’ testing reliability, expecting the rate of false positive and false negative tests to remain less than 5%.

Sills said the NFL was intent on partnering with a national vendor for testing and reached out to more than 60 test providers before uniting with BioReference. The league first wanted to be certain its testing efforts didn’t have an adverse effect on society at large.

“We wanted to make sure that whatever testing we set up did not in any way hinder the test supply, capacity or performance for the health care system,” Sills said. “We said from day one that that was an incredibly important goal to us. ... We didn’t want our clubs having to go to health care facilities in their own markets and in any way compete for or take away testing resources.”

The league’s testing procedures ideally will work in a way that helps teams quickly identify individuals who have tested positive, then isolate and treat them accordingly. Contact tracing remains another key component in the strategy, and the league has mandated that all players and coaches wear Kinexon Proximity Recording devices while at team facilities to help identify whom they were in close contact with in the event they test positive for COVID-19.

These measures are a start. But the safeguarding of facilities will be so much more involved.

“In many ways people tend to overvalue the relative contribution of testing. We cannot test our way to safety,” Sills said. “No matter how often we test or who we test, testing is always going to have some limitations. That’s why it’s important to add in other layers of protection.”

Sills continues to emphasize the need for mask use and physical distancing. Teams have also been directed to strategize the layout of their facilities and been reminded of the need for constant disinfection and sterilization of most work areas and touch zones.

To that end, Sills said, there has been a heartening level of collaboration and information sharing across the league.

“Everyone is sharing best practices together,” he said. “This isn’t a competitive advantage thing where one club is coming upon a better way of doing something that then puts them in a better position than another club. Our teams are incredibly competitive on the field of play. But when it comes to health and safety, they’re incredibly collaborative. And we have seen that evidenced through this work more at this time as any other time than I can recall.”

The Bears declined the Chicago Tribune’s request to speak with their designated Infection Control Officer, Andre Tucker, or anyone else on their medical staff or in the front office for details on how the organization has made adjustments to team facilities to operate under the current conditions. The team also declined to share where its COVID-19 testing will take place or where test samples will be sent to be ensure quick results.


Last week in Minnesota, in a concerted effort to detail all of the measures the Vikings are taking to safeguard their TCO Performance Center facilities, head athletic trainer Eric Sugarman gave reporters a 25-minute PowerPoint presentation on the changes and new wrinkles at team headquarters.

Sugarman, who has also been appointed as the team’s Infection Control Officer for this season, then took questions for 15 minutes, describing myriad changes to how the Vikings will function for meetings and meals; how foot traffic inside the building will be restricted and redirected; how sanitization of just about everything has become far more intense.

The Vikings’ auditorium, for example, a 174-seat space once used frequently for full team meetings, now has only 42 usable seats to allow for proper distancing.

In-person classroom film study is being discouraged, with players instead urged to tend to such homework on their tablets.

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